Firemouth cichlid are popular and gorgeous aquarium fish of cichlid family. Their background colour is blue containing red scales. There are all around black mark colour on their body. Pelvic and anal fins are edged in black with red throat. The male species are dominant in colour means they are more brightly coloured then female. It belongs from chicaldae family. Male are often more aggressive then female. Firemouth cichlids are mainly omnivores means these emphasize mainly on vegetables for their diet. The fish takes fresh vegetables and frozen food as their diet. Firemouth cichlid suffer with some common problems like parasite issues associated with bottom feeder. It form pairs, make a nuclear family and are excellent parents. These are very peaceful in nature how ever they can fight for territories. The fish can easily housed with barbs like tiger barbs, rosy barbs, blue acara. Cories, pleco, severum, rainbow also will be good tank mates for firemouth cichlid. 

firemouth cichlidTank setup:

Firemouth cichlid fish swims in the lower level of water. 120 gallon makes a good tank size for firemouths. The smallest aquarium which we could make is about 40 gallons water. You should also prefer a tank with wet dry filter build inside the tank as it provides water flow  without adding power head to the decor of tank. Firemouth cichlids should be kept in planted aquarium with hiding places among rock and bogwood. Filter should be changed or cleaned after every 30 days. Small amount of regular water changes will be appreciate


They take flake foods and pellets. Firemouth cichlid are mainly omnivores means they feed mainly on fresh vegetables and frozen foods. You should feed them twice per day and three times in a day in the case of breeding. We should also stock some plants in their tank for their feeding.

Common name: Firemouth cichlid

Scientific name: Cichlasoma mikki

Max. size: 7 inches

Tank volume:  40 gallons

pH: 6.5 – 7.5

Care : moderate

Temperature: 22 – 27 C

Temperament: Peaceful but territorial

The scientific names for honey gourami are colisa chuna and colisa sota. These are labyrinth fish which means that they can survive in very low level of oxygen. The fish forms good community tank and can thrive with less care. These are  quite similar to dwarf gourami. The labyrinth fishes have capability to breathe from the air directly. The characteristics of honey gourami are these are less shy and active in nature. The male honey gourami fish have brighter colour then females. Males have pointed dorsal fins while female honey gourami fish have rounded fins. The honey gourami have vibrant colours which is one of the main reason for their popularity. But they can loose their colour if water conditions are not appropriate so take care of it. Do not put them with other labyrinth fish such as Betta. The fish is hardy and suited for beginners.

Tank setup:

The tank should be well covered and we should do not fill it to top because these requires occasional access to the humid air which will present at the top layer of tank. Water filtration should not be too strong inside the tank. The pH of water should be between 6.0 to 7.0 and hardness should be present between 36 to 268 ppm. Small tank of 10 gallon will be sufficient to hold few honey gouramies.


The fish feeds on small insects such as microcricket or drosophila. Honey gourami are also feed on flakes like algae flakes, tubiflakes and frozen blood worms. These fishes are zooplankton in nature. Food like bloodworms help them to improve their body colour. Take care of their diet, repeating same diet again and again will make them miserable.

Quick Profile

Size: 2.5 inches

Family: Anabantid

 Temperature: 22.0 – 28.0 C

 Life span: 4 to 8 years

 pH: 6.0 – 8.0

 Hardness: 36 to 268 ppm

 Tank size: 10 gallons

 Care : easy